International Journal of Innovative Research and Knowledge


Volume-4 Issue-3, March 2019




Title: PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS: PLACE OF HAND HYGIENE IN THE PREVENTION OF DIARRHEAL DISEASES IN CONGOLESE SCHOOLS

Author: MABASSA David Sylvain, ITOUA OKEMBA Jean, ALONGO Yvon Rock Ghislain, FERNANDES BALOU Babin, AMBETO Aimé Simplice Christophe, ELENGA Hygin Bellarmin & KIBAKIDI Delphin Roger

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to educate the educational community about the consequences of hand hygiene in order to reduce the incidence of diarrheal and respiratory diseases. This descriptive study was conducted among 1,700 students and 36 primary school teachers in Brazzaville. Data collection was done through semi-structured interviews with students (Blanchet and Gotman, 1992). This was focused around student adherence to the issue of hygiene rules in PES. On the other hand, the video recordings were focused on EPS lessons in the different classes, in order to analyze the relationship between the practices taught and health education. Finally, a questionnaire on the definition of health education was designed for teachers. The decryption of the results reveals that 85% of pupils in Congolese elementary schools do not wash their hands with soap before eating and after toilets because of insufficient sanitary equipment and hygienic materials in schools. The psychosocial and physical dimension in the field of physical education and sport seems to prevail through respect for the body, self-control, emotions, endurance, resistance, power, as well as certain skills related to the respect of rules of life and play(Loizon, 2009b). Primary teachers find it difficult to see how their teachings can contribute to the definition of health education (Lahire, 1998). Thus, the didactic approach made it possible to apprehend the obstacles or the factors favorable to hygiene in the multiplicity of their sociological, cultural, institutional dimensions. What constitutes the levers for the promotion of handwashing in primary school students.


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IJIRK DESCRIPTION

ISSN: 2213-1356

Publisher: Scholar Touch Publishers

Area/Scope: Business, Economics & Management; Social Science, Literature, Arts & Humanities; Engineering & Technology; Life Science & Physical Science, Health & Medical Science

Frequency: Monthly

Format: Online & Print

Language: English

Review Process: Double Blinded

Access: Open Access