International Journal of Innovative Research and Knowledge


Volume-4 Issue-2, February 2019




Title: EFFECTIVENESS OF PRIMARY PREVENTIVE COUNSELLING IN CONTROLLING PROBLEM BEHAVIOURS OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL OF IGEMBE SOUTH SUB-COUNTY MERU COUNTY KENYA

Author: Kiambati Henry M. & Kamoyo, John M., Phd

ABSTRACT

Controlling and dealing with the perennial students’ problem behaviours have become a major challenge in secondary schools. The conventional counselling approaches applied deals with the students who already have developed problem behaviours. The approaches have been inadequate if any in controlling, reducing and preventing the occurrence of the problem behaviours in students. This has resulted to the recurrence of common deviant behaviours like drug and substances abuse; teenage sex and pregnancy; absenteeism, truancy and dropout; dishonesty; violence and arson. The purpose of this study was to establish the effectiveness of preventive counselling interventions in controlling and preventing the problem behaviours of secondary school students’ in Igembe South Sub-County. The study adapted a descriptive survey research design and involved 42 public secondary schools with a total enrolment of 8,017 students. Accessible population of the study was 1,974 form three students from which a sample of 317 respondents was drawn to participate in the study through simple random sampling. Further 15 teacher counsellors and 15 deputy principals from the selected schools were purposively sampled to participate in the study. The study had a total sample of 347 respondents. Data was collected using questionnaires. Validity of the instruments, through expert judgement and opinion from the university supervisors in determining the content, construct and face validities in addition to searching relevant literature. Piloting of the instruments was done in three sampled secondary schools in Igembe North Sub-to establish reliability of the research instruments. The reliability coefficients of 0.903, 0.875 and 0.794 were obtained for the students, teacher counsellors and deputy principals respectively. An average reliability coefficient of alpha scale of 0.857 was arrived at indicating that the instruments used were reliable. Data was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0. The findings indicated that most of the counselling methods used in the secondary schools have a preventive approach. The study further established that effectiveness of three approaches of preventive counselling; that primary, secondary and tertiary preventive counselling was effective in various aspects of problem behaviours in students. The researcher recommends empowerment of trained teacher counsellors specifically with more emphasis on the preventive counselling approaches to students’ problem behaviours. The government policy makers should work in consultation with all stakeholders to develop proper framework that ensures the students’ needs are adequately addressed.


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IJIRK DESCRIPTION

ISSN: 2213-1356

Publisher: Scholar Touch Publishers

Area/Scope: Business, Economics & Management; Social Science, Literature, Arts & Humanities; Engineering & Technology; Life Science & Physical Science, Health & Medical Science

Frequency: Monthly

Format: Online & Print

Language: English

Review Process: Double Blinded

Access: Open Access