International Journal of Innovative Research and Knowledge


Volume-4 Issue-1, January 2019




Title: SPATIAL ANTICOMMONS IN PASTORAL LANDS OF KENYA

Author: ERASTUS K. MUSELEKU

ABSTRACT

This paper uses mainly secondary data and personal structured observations and experiences. In essence, the paper explains how the theory of the spatial anticommons is applicable in the dry agricultural lands where extensive livestock production systems are the most dominant. Most of the existing reviews and comments on this theory have been on the arable agricultural land and not on the dry agricultural land, the bulk (over 80 percent) of the Kenya’s land mass. This paper therefore demonstrates that the theory of the anticommons is applicable in the dry agricultural lands of Kenya. Basically, privatization and subdivision of agricultural land into small sizes should be discouraged to avoid tragedy of the spatial anticommons. This is because it has been observed elsewhere that even though spatial anticommons properties are not necessarily tragic in the short run, they are likely to become tragic in the long run. The national and county governments should thus put in place appropriate and clear policy, legal and institutional frameworks to prescribe allowable minimum economical/optimal agricultural land sizes in various agro climatic zones in Kenya. The minimum agricultural land sizes should be based on a scientific study. Since it is difficult and unnecessary to reverse agricultural land privatization trends, in any case it is assumed to be a cure of the tragedy of the commons and it fosters economic development, individual titles should have restrictions on the minimum allowable sizes depending on the location and use of the land. Where agricultural land is used for extensive livestock production system, for example, large tracts should be encouraged unless and until the owner wants to change the user. The legal framework for physical planning and registration of land in Kenya such as the Land Registration Act and the Physical Planning Act should thus make it mandatory that allowable minimum agricultural land sizes are adhered to before creation and registration of new titles. Other policy interventions may include large plot zoning, agricultural land zoning and public facilities requirement ordinances, among others.


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IJIRK DESCRIPTION

ISSN: 2213-1356

Publisher: Scholar Touch Publishers

Area/Scope: Business, Economics & Management; Social Science, Literature, Arts & Humanities; Engineering & Technology; Life Science & Physical Science, Health & Medical Science

Frequency: Monthly

Format: Online & Print

Language: English

Review Process: Double Blinded

Access: Open Access