International Journal of Innovative Research and Knowledge


volume-3 Issue-12, December 2018




Title: UNDERSTANDING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF SLUM DWELLER: A case of Korogocho slum in Nairobi, Kenya

Author: Belinda O. Tuju & Prof. Robert Rukwaro

Abstract

Urbanization and industrialization in Africa has led to rapid population growth within cities as a result of rural-urban migration. Kenya, just like most African countries has a high urban population growth rate of 6-7% per annum yet the production of affordable housing by the government does not match the population growth rate thus leading to housing deficit. Kenya, through Article 43(part b) of the Constitution (2010) establishes the right of every person to access adequate housing and reasonable standards of sanitation which is not the case as over 60% of the urban population still lives in the informal housing. This paper seeks to understand the slum dwellers wholesomely, by investigating the slum demographics, livelihood, health, security and social parameters as well as the forces behind space use. Korogocho slum was chosen for case study where 59 households were selected and qualitative data was collected using interviews, survey questionnaires and observations. The information collected was analysed using qualitative analysis techniques. The study revealed that the space use in the slum set up is informed not only by the demographics but also, social, livelihood, security and health parameters and that indeed there exist innovative ways of use of the space. The study recommends that upgrading projects are best done in situ, by improving the economic prospects and social empowerment of the dwellers, creating safe and healthy environments.


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IJIRK DESCRIPTION

ISSN: 2213-1356

Publisher: Scholar Touch Publishers

Area/Scope: Business, Economics & Management; Social Science, Literature, Arts & Humanities; Engineering & Technology; Life Science & Physical Science, Health & Medical Science

Frequency: Monthly

Format: Online & Print

Language: English

Review Process: Double Blinded

Access: Open Access